1. A history of Business Intelligence: Origins of the term
1865: The first known use of the term "business intelligence" , when Richard Millar Devens described a banker’s success in his book the Cyclopaedia of Commercial and Business Anecdotes. "Throughout Holland, Flanders, France, and Germany, he maintained a complete and perfect train of business intelligence,” he wrote. "The news…was thus received first by him."
1958: Our contemporary understanding of business intelligence began to be shaped. IBM researcher Hans Peter Luhn in 1958 in an article entitled "A Business Intelligence System." Luhn defined business intelligence as "The ability to apprehend the interrelationships of presented facts in such a way as to guide action towards a desired goal."