With a shareholder vote scheduled for July 18, the battle over Dell's $24.4 billion plan to go private intensified last week as investor Carl Icahn and his affiliates issued an enhanced offer for the company.
Icahn and his partner, Southeastern Asset Management, issued a letter to Dell shareholders offering a warrant to buy a share in the company at $20 over the next seven years for every four shares that they sell now. Icahn's plan calls for part of the company to continue to be publicly traded.
The new offer is in addition to the previous proposal to buy shares at $14 each. Making the calculation that shares will rise over $20 once the suggested proposal and new management is in place, Icahn said in the letter that the entire deal is potentially worth $15.50 to $18 a share for current shareholders.
In the letter, Icahn said that he and Southeastern are "completely committed to bringing in management that we expect to be far superior to Michael Dell who we believe has had an abysmal record during the last three years. We believe there would be several excellent candidates for this position who would be very interested in running this company once a clear mandate has been established."
Michael Dell and his affiliates, Silver Lake Partners, are offering $13.65 in cash per share. Dell is betting that as a private company, free from the pressure of Wall Street scrutiny, it will have more room to execute its strategy to push into high-margin products and services and move away from the floundering PC market.
For the buyout plan to go through, it needs to be approved by 50% of shareholders not including Michael Dell. This amounts to investors holding a total of 42% of the company.
With the shareholder vote looming, the battle over Dell's future has ramped up recently.
At the beginning of last week, Icahn pressed shareholders to exercise appraisal rights on the company's value. The appraisal would require a Delaware state judge to issue an opinion on the company's worth. It could also derail the deal.
Dell responded to Icahn's suggestion for the appraisal with a scathing statement of its own.
"Pursuing appraisal involves substantial risks and costs," Dell said. "If a sufficiently large number of shareholders seek appraisal and thus do not vote in favor of the acquisition (which is required to pursue appraisal rights), the merger agreement will be terminated, the merger will not occur, stockholders will not have the opportunity to receive the $13.65 per share cash merger consideration, there will be no appraisal rights, and stockholders will continue to bear the risks of holding their Dell shares. "
In addition, Dell pointed out, there is no assurance that a judge would value the company greater than what Dell is offering.
There is also no assurance that any new management that Icahn brings in would perform better than Michael Dell.
Three shareholder advisory groups this week, including Institutional Shareholder Services, advised shareholders to vote for the Dell buyout plan. The plan assures shareholders of a definitive value for their holdings and eliminates risks associated with Icahn's proposal, they said.
"ISS recommends clients vote FOR this transaction, which offers a 25.5% premium to the unaffected share price, provides certainty of value, and transfers the risk of the deteriorating PC business and the company's on-going business transformation to the buyout group," ISS said.
The other advisory groups recommending the Dell plan were Egan-Jones Proxy Services and Glass, Lewis & Co.
Over the past month, reports have surfaced indicating that Silver Lake was getting second thoughts about the deal, as the PC market worsens. However, Dell officials said Friday the vote is set to go ahead as planned. Dell had no comment on Icahn's new offer.
Dell shares closed Friday at $13.32, down by $0.03 for the day, on a generally up day for the markets.