A judge has approved an ebook price-fixing settlement between the US Department of Justice and three book publishers.
Judge Denise Cote of the US District Court for the Southern District of New York, in an order dated Wednesday, approved the proposed settlement between the DOJ and Hachette Book Group, HarperCollins and Simon & Schuster. The three publishers agreed to settle the antitrust case in April, when the DOJ announced the price-fixing charges against Apple and five publishers.
Apple and publishers Macmillan and Penguin Group have not settled with the DOJ.
The settlement requires the publishers to allow retailers to set their own prices for ebooks, and it prohibits the publishers from discussing pricing with competitors for five years and from constraining retailer efforts to offer discounts for two years. The settlement also requires the publishers to end their ebook sales agreements with Apple.
The settlement is an appropriate way to protect the public interest, Cote wrote. "The proposed judgment secures a remedy that is closely related to the violations alleged in the complaint," she wrote.
The settlement "unravels" pricing agreements made among the publishers and with Apple, she added. "The proposed final judgment appears reasonably calculated to restore retail price competition to the market for trade ebooks, to return prices to their competitive level, and to benefit ebooks consumers and the public generally," she wrote.
The DOJ accused Apple and the five publishers of conspiring to raise prices on ebooks in retaliation for Amazon.com pricing most ebooks at US$9.99 beginning in late 2007.
Also in August, Hachette Book Group, HarperCollins and Simon & Schuster agreed to pay more than $69 million to a group of US states to settle similar ebook price-fixing charges.