Apple on Monday patched 92 vulnerabilities, a third of them critical, in a record update to its Leopard and Snow Leopard operating systems.
Security Update 2010-002 plugged 92 holes in the client and server editions of Mac OS X 10.5 and Mac OS X 10.6, breaking a record that has stood since March 2008.
"The sheer number, it's almost so daunting that you don't even want to look," said Andrew Storms, director of security operations at nCircle Network Security.
Monday's security roll-up fixed flaws in 42 different applications or operating system components in Mac OS X, from AppKit and Application Firewall to unzip and X11, the Mac's version of the X Window System.
Eighteen of the vulnerabilities were specific to the older Leopard operating system, while 29 were specific to Snow Leopard. The remaining 45 affected both, which are the only editions that Apple currently supports. Users running Leopard will patch 63 vulnerabilities, while Snow Leopard users face a total of 74 flaws.
The update brings Snow Leopard to version 10.6.3, making this the third major update to the OS that Apple launched in August 2009. Apple also addressed a list of nearly 30 non-security issues in the 10.6.3 update. Leopard users, meanwhile, received only the security patches.
More than 40 per cent of the vulnerabilities patched on Monday, 37 out of the 92, were accompanied by the phrase "may lead to arbitrary code execution," which is Apple's way of saying that a flaw is critical and could be used by attackers to hijack a Mac. Apple does not assign ratings or severity scores to the bugs it patches, unlike other major software makers, such as Microsoft and Oracle .
Among the most noticeable patches were nine affecting QuickTime, Apple's media player, in Snow Leopard. All nine were rated critical; six had been reported to Apple by 3Com TippingPoint, which runs a bug bounty program called Zero Day Initiative.
TippingPoint was in the news much of last week as it again sponsored the Pwn2Own hacking contest at the CanSecWest security conference in Vancouver, British Columbia. The company handed out $45,000 in prizes to five researchers for hacking the iPhone, as well as Apple's Safari, Microsoft's Internet Explorer and Mozilla's Firefox browsers.
Charlie Miller, the researcher who cracked Snow Leopard's security defenses to take down Safari, said that Apple had not patched the vulnerability he used last Wednesday. "New patch doesn't fix pwn2own bug," Miller said via Twitter . "Sorry suckers, gonna have to wait for the next patch."
The timing of Monday's monster update didn't come as a surprise to nCircle's Storms. "It's not suprising that they patched QuickTime, what with the pending iPad release," he said on Monday, referring to the 3 April on-sale date for Apple's new media tablet. Apple typically updates its iTunes music software, and the accompanying QuickTime player, before it releases new products that call on the former. The iPad will use the iTunes store to serve up applications and media content to customers.
"For the same reason, I'm going to guess that Apple will also update the iPhone OS this week," Storms added.
The security update can be downloaded from the Apple site or installed using Mac OS X's integrated update service.